Kirby Lee-USA TODAY Sports

Which U.S. athletes were drug tested the most in 2013?

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The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency released its testing numbers for the fourth quarter of 2013 on Tuesday. Its comprehensive database allows searchers to see all in- and out-of-competition tests under its program for every Olympic sports athlete.

USADA conducted 9,197 tests last year, breaking the record of 8,580 from 2009. USADA has been testing since 2000. Of those 9,127 tests, 6,088 were documented in individual athlete test histories.

That difference is key considering this stat: Galen Rupp was tested 28 times out of the 6,088 total, which is a record for one athlete in one year in the documented individual athlete test histories. Perhaps Rupp was tested more than 28 times in 2013, but perhaps athletes in previous years were tested more than their individual test histories show as well.

Now that all of the 2013 numbers are in, let’s take a look at which athletes were tested the most of the 6,088:

Galen Rupp, track and field — 28
Chris Horner, cycling — 24
Missy Franklin, swimming — 22
Dathan Ritzenhein, track and field — 21
Shalane Flanagan, track and field — 20
Sarah Hammer, cycling — 19
Ryan Lochte, swimming — 19
Andrew Potts, triathlon — 19

In 2012, the three most tested athletes were triathletes at 25, 23 and 22 times each. Rupp was tested 17 times in 2012.

Here are the top tested athletes since 2001:

2013 — Rupp, 28
2012 — Matt Chrabot, triathlon, 25
2011 — Carmelita Jeter, track and field, 22
2010 — Lochte, 18
2009 — Lochte, 15
2008 — Michael Phelps, swimming, 20
2007 — Michelle Collins, track and field, 14
2006 — Kristin Armstrong, cycling, 21
2005 — Carissa Gump, weightlifting, 12
2004 — Cheryl Haworth/Oscar Chaplin, weightlifting, 16
2003 — Gump/Haworth/Shane Hamman, weightlifting, 15
2002 — Haworth/Danica Rue, weightlifting, 15
2001 — Haworth, 16

Other notables from the 2013 test statistics:

Lolo Jones, track and field/bobsled — 16 (including five times in the last quarter, one off the highest athlete)
Michael Phelps, swimming — 4 (Phelps re-entered the drug testing pool last year in case he wants to unretire)

1968 Olympic champion sprinter gets doping ban

Claressa Shields congratulated by famous boxing actor (video)

Claressa Shields
Getty Images
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Claressa Shields may just be the most dominant female athlete on the planet. The Flint, Mich., native is now a two-time Olympic boxing champion with a 77-1 record and a four-year unbeaten streak.

Actor Mark Wahlberg, who played boxer Micky Ward in the 2010 film “The Fighter,” took notice.

He taped a video that Shields watched before a celebration in her hometown Thursday, according to the Flint Journal.

“You are the true definition of a champion,” Wahlberg said. “You continue to inspire so many people, not only in Flint, but all over the world. I’m so proud of you. Your performance was amazing. God bless you. I look forward to seeing you, and I look forward to doing lots of things with you.”

Now Shields must decide whether to turn professional, which would end her Olympic career.

“Professional women’s boxing is not nowhere near on the same attention level as the Olympics are,” the 21-year-old Shields said, according to the Flint Journal. “I get way more attention than any female boxer who is professional right now with me being an amateur.

“So the goal is to go professional but still have that same attention and same mainstream. Hopefully, if they have the rule changed that the women professionals can come back and fight the Olympics, I would go professional to fight on TV and make a bunch of money but then come back and defend my two gold medals in 2020.”

MORE: Shields becomes first U.S. fighter to win back-to-back golds

Russian Olympic medalists gifts include racehorse

Abdulrashid Sadulaev
AP
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MOSCOW (AP) — Luxury cars, apartments, even a racehorse — being an Olympic medalist in Russia can come with great material rewards but also controversy.

Under President Vladimir Putin, it’s become a tradition for Russia’s Olympic heroes to be showered with large cash sums and sometimes unwanted gifts.

On Friday, less than 24 hours after dozens of medalists were presented with BMW cars at the Kremlin by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, an advertisement appeared online offering one of them for sale, with photographs showing the car still covered in stickers celebrating Russia’s medal haul in Rio.

The advertisement offering the BMW X6 for 4.67 million rubles ($72,000) was anonymous and quickly withdrawn. It couldn’t be independently verified by The Associated Press, though Russian agency R-Sport claimed the seller was a Russian medalist who thought the car was too big and unwieldy.

Figure skater Maxim Trankov, who received a Mercedes-Benz SUV for his gold medal in 2014, said few Olympians could afford to own such cars.

“Has no one thought that these gift cars are not only liable for the tax on luxury items, but also aren’t cheap to run and earnings can’t cover it?” he wrote on Twitter. “I’d sell mine too if it came to it … Or does everyone think all sports pay as well as soccer, hockey or tennis?”

Gymnast Seda Tutkhalyan said she wouldn’t be able to drive her new BMW because at 17 years of age she was too young to have a license.

While online commenters mostly supported an athlete’s right to sell expensive Olympic gifts, many were critical of the government for a display of conspicuous consumption at the Kremlin at a time when Russia’s pension and healthcare systems are under financial strain.

It’s not fully clear how much the prizes have cost the Russian government.

State TV channel Rossiya 24 reported that the fleet of BMWs was provided by the Olympians’ Support Fund, which is backed by a group of Russia’s richest men, but that the accompanying cash prizes of tens of thousands of dollars per medalist came in part from the federal budget.

More awards are on offer from regional governments, many of which made public displays of generosity despite financial troubles of their own.

The Caucasus region of North Ossetia last month promised a free apartment for any medalists from the area, though it isn’t clear if this has happened yet.

In another grand gesture, the head of the restive Dagestan region gave Olympic wrestling champion Abdulrashid Sadulaev 6 million rubles ($93,000) in cash and a racehorse at a lavish welcoming ceremony featured on local TV.

Still, all may not be well for Sadulaev, who’s nicknamed the “Russian Tank” for his habit of crushing opponents on the wrestling mat. He’s already facing an allegation from a Moscow radio presenter of reckless driving in his eye-catching BMW.

MORE: Putin slams Russia’s Paralympic ban