Brazil’s first Olympic bid, first Olympian matters of debate

Christ the Redeemer
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Rio de Janeiro will host the first Olympics in South America in August, but it first applied to be an Olympic host city candidate at least 89 years ago.

Brazil was one of eight nations that applied to host the 1936 Games ahead of a 1927 International Olympic Committee session, four years ahead of the host city vote, according to minutes from that session provided by the IOC’s Olympic Studies Centre.

The minutes, written in French, show eight applications:

Alexandria (Egypt)
Barcelona (Spain)
Berlin (Germany)
Budapest (Hungary)
Helsinki (Finland)
Lausanne (Switzerland)
Milan or Rome (Italy)
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

By 1931, IOC files show that 12 cities had officially applied to host the 1936 Olympics, but Rio de Janeiro was no longer part of the field:

Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Cologne (Germany)
Dublin (Ireland)
Frankfurt (Germany)
Nuremberg (Germany)

“There is no further mention of [the Rio 1936 bid] or of a withdrawal in the minutes of subsequent years (until 1931 when the host city was elected),” the IOC Olympic Studies Centre said in an email.

In 1931, Berlin was voted to host the 1936 Olympics, with 43 votes. Barcelona is the only other city listed to have received votes (16).

Eight cities received zero votes, with Lausanne withdrawing during bidding. Budapest and Rome also withdrew, but the cities were still listed on the final election results.

Brazil’s Olympic Committee and the Rio 2016 Olympic Organizing Committee, like the IOC, had no further information on Rio’s 1936 bid. The Brazil Olympic Committee, created in 1914 and recognized by the IOC in 1935, said it wasn’t involved in the bid.

Dr. Lamartine P. DaCosta, a Brazilian Olympic sports expert and professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro, believed the short-lived Rio 1936 bid may have been spurred by geopolitical reasons.

After World War I, the IOC campaigned to spread the Olympic Movement beyond Europe and North America. Brazil, which had its first IOC member in 1913, sent its first delegation to the Olympics at Antwerp 1920.

However, Olympic historians list 1900 Olympic sprinter Adolphe Klingelhoeffer, born and raised in Paris by Brazilian parents, as a Brazilian national during those Games and a citizen until at least the 1940s.

Klingelhoeffer may be the first Brazilian to compete in the Olympics, but he is not recognized as such by the Brazil Olympic Committee, which cited a book that listed Klingelhoeffer as French at the 1900 Olympics. There were no formal national teams at the Paris 1900 Games.

“Officially, we can’t confirm him as a Brazilian athlete,” the Brazil Olympic Committee said in an email. “First, because there was no National Olympic Committee of Brazil at this time. Also, we have checked the official report of 1900 Olympic Games and there is no reference on Adolf Klingelhoeffer participation in Brazilian delegation.”

In 1922, Rio de Janeiro did host an international multi-sport event, the Latin American Games, in the nation’s centennial year.

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay sent athletes to the Games, which might as well have been called the South American Games, according to Dr. Cesar R. Torres, a SUNY-Brockport professor with an expertise in early Latin American Olympic sport involvement.

Torres wrote in his 2012 book, “Jogos Olímpicos Latino-Americanos Rio de Janeiro 1922,” that the Latin American Games had the blessing of the IOC.

MORE: Rio Olympic green basketball court unveiled

Rio 1936
Courtesy IOC

Courtesy IOC

IOC gives more time to pick 2030 Olympic host, studies rotating Winter Games


The 2030 Winter Olympic host, expected to be Salt Lake City or Sapporo, Japan, is no longer targeted to be decided before next fall, the IOC said in announcing wider discussions into the future of the Winter Games, including the possibility of rotating the Games within a pool of hosts.

The IOC Future Host Commission was granted more time to study factors, including climate change, that could impact which cities and regions host future Winter Olympics and Paralympics. The 2030 Winter Games host is not expected to be decided before or at an IOC session next September or October.

Hosts have traditionally been chosen by IOC members vote seven years before the Games, though recent reforms allow flexibility on the process and timeline. For example, the 2024 and 2028 Games were awarded to Paris and Los Angeles in a historic double award in 2017. The 2032 Summer Games were awarded to Brisbane last year without a traditional bid race.

There are three interested parties for the 2030 Winter Olympics, the IOC said Tuesday without naming them. Previously, Salt Lake City, Sapporo and Vancouver were confirmed as bids. Then in October, the British Columbia government said it would not support a Vancouver bid, a major setback, though organizers did not say that decision ended the bid. All three cities are attractive as past Winter Games hosts with existing venues.

U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Committee officials have said Salt Lake City is a likelier candidate for 2034 than 2030, but could step in for 2030 if asked.

The future host commission outlined proposals for future Winter Olympics, which included rotating hosts within a pool of cities or regions and a requirement that hosts have an average minimum temperature below freezing (32 degrees) for snow competition venues at the time of the Games over a 10-year period.

The IOC Executive Board gave the commission more time to study the proposals and other factors impacting winter sports.

The IOC board also discussed and will continue to explore a potential double awarding of the 2030 and 2034 Winter Olympic hosts.

Also Tuesday, the IOC board said that Afghanistan participation in the 2024 Olympics will depend on making progress in safe access to sports for women and young girls in the country.

On Monday, Human Rights Watch urged the IOC to suspend Afghanistan until women and girls can play sport in the country.

In a press release, the IOC board expressed “serious concern and strongly condemned the latest restrictions imposed by the Afghan authorities on women and young girls in Afghanistan, which prevent them from practicing sport in the country.” It urged Afghanistan authorities to “take immediate action at the highest level to reverse such restrictions and ensure safe access to sport for women and young girls.”

The IOC board also announced that North Korea’s National Olympic Committee will be reinstated when its suspension is up at the end of the year.

In September 2021, the IOC banned the North Korean NOC through the end of 2022, including banning a North Korean delegation from participating in the Beijing Winter Games, after it chose not to participate in the Tokyo Games.

North Korea, formally known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, was the only one of 206 National Olympic Committees to withdraw from Tokyo. The country made its choice in late March 2021, citing a desire “to protect our athletes from the global health crisis caused by the malicious virus infection.”

The IOC said in September 2021 that it “provided reassurances for the holding of safe Games and offered constructive proposals to find an appropriate and tailor-made solution until the very last minute (including the provision of vaccines), which were systematically rejected by the PRK NOC.”

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Olympic champion Justine Dufour-Lapointe leaves moguls for another skiing discipline

Justine Dufour-Lapointe

Justine Dufour-Lapointe, the 2014 Olympic moguls champion, is leaving the event to compete in freeriding, a non-Olympic skiing discipline.

“After three Olympic cycles and 12 years on the World Cup circuit, I felt that I needed to find a new source of motivation and had to push my limits even more so I can reach my full potential as a skier,” the 28-year-old Montreal native said in a social media video, according to a translation from French. “Today, I am starting a new chapter in my career. … I want to perfect myself in another discipline. I want to connect with the mountain differently. Above all, I want to get out of my comfort zone in a way I’ve never done before.”

Dufour-Lapointe said she will compete on the Freeride World Tour, a series of judged competitions described as:

There‘s a start gate at the summit and a finish gate at the bottom. That’s it. Best run down wins. It truly is that simple. Think skiers and snowboarders choosing impossible-looking lines through cornices and cliff-faces and nasty couloirs. Think progressive: big jumps, mach-speed turns and full-on attack. Think entertaining.

Dufour-Lapointe has retired from moguls skiing, according to a Freeride World Tour press release, though she did not explicitly say that in social media posts Tuesday.

At the 2014 Sochi Winter Games, Dufour-Lapointe denied American Hannah Kearney‘s bid to become the first freestyle skier to repeat as Olympic champion. Older sister Chloé took silver in a Canadian one-two.

Dufour-Lapointe also won the world title in 2015, then Olympic silver in 2018 behind Frenchwoman Perrine Laffont.

Chloé announced her retirement in September. A third Dufour-Lapointe Olympic moguls skier, Maxime, retired in 2018.

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