Many U.S. athletes and teams have already qualified for the Olympics, but many more will clinch berths in the next six months.
For some sports, the qualification process is simple — individuals earn places at Olympic trials events.
For others, the process is complicated and can involve multiple qualifiers on different continents, national or international rankings and subjective or discretionary selections.
With that in mind, here’s a simplified look at the teams already qualified and key dates for Olympic trials, qualification events and ranking cutoff dates that will help shape the 2016 U.S. Olympic team:
U.S. Teams Already Qualified
Archery — men
Basketball — men, women
Equestrian — dressage, eventing and jumping
Field Hockey — women
Gymnastics — men, women
Rugby — men, women
Volleyball — men, women
Water Polo — men
Feb. 10-21 — CONCACAF women’s soccer tournament, Texas
Two finalists clinch Olympic berths.
Feb. 13 — USA Track and Field marathon trials, Los Angeles
Top three men, top three women clinch Olympic berths.
March 2-6 — Synchronized swimming Olympic qualification event, Rio
March 10-11 — Taekwondo Pan American qualification event, Mexico
Finalists qualify for Rio in each weight class.
March 21-28 — Water Polo women’s qualification event, Netherlands
Top three teams clinch Olympic berths.
March 25, 29 — U.S.-Colombia men’s soccer playoff, Colombia and Frisco, Texas
Aggregate winner clinches Olympic berth.
April 8-9 — USA Canoe/Kayak slalom trials No. 1, Charlotte
April 8-10 — USA Wrestling trials, Iowa City
Winner of each weight class clinches an Olympic berth, if the U.S. has clinched an Olympic quota spot in the class.
April 8-10 — Table tennis North American qualification event, Toronto
April 17-22 — USA Archery trials No. 2, Chula Vista, Calif.
April 18-24 — US Rowing trials, Sarasota/Bradenton, Fla.
May 5 — Badminton rankings cutoff date
May 5-8 — USA Weightlifting trials, Salt Lake City
May 7-8 — USA Canoe/Kayak slalom trials No. 2, Oklahoma City
May 15 — Triathlon rankings cutoff date
May 27-30 — USA Archery trials No. 3, Newberry, Fla.
May 30 — Judo rankings cutoff date
June 6 — Tennis rankings cutoff date
June 18-26 — USA Diving trials, Indianapolis
Top two divers per individual event and top team per synchro event clinch Olympic berths, if the U.S. has clinched an Olympic quota spot in the event.
June 24-26 — USA Gymnastics men’s trials, St. Louis
The top two all-around finishers clinch Olympic spots, if they also finished in the top three on three of the six individual apparatuses. The entire team will be five members.
June 26-July 3 — USA Swimming trials, Omaha
Top two finishers per individual race clinch Olympic spots, plus extras in 100m and 200m freestyles for relays.
July 1-10 — USA Track and Field trials, Eugene, Ore.
Top three finishers per event clinch Olympic spots, if they’ve met the qualifying standard time or mark.
July 8-10 — USA Gymnastics women’s trials, San Jose, Calif.
The trials all-around champion will clinch one of five Olympic team spots. The other four will be chosen shortly after the trials finish.
July 11 — Golf rankings cutoff date
Top four Americans in the men’s and women’s top 15 clinch Olympic berths.